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The Traditions of Indian Hindu Weddings

Hinduism is perhaps the earliest religion in the world still being practised, with sacred texts estimated to date back to 3000 B.C. A lot of its customs have lasted for aeons, with origins lost in time. A Hindu wedding event, among the most sacred of rites, includes many of these timeless rituals and customs. In ages past, these Hindu wedding traditions and rituals would extend over several days, but in today’s hectic society, such a schedule can be challenging to accommodate. Today, a number of these customs are performed the night before and the day of the wedding. The Hindu wedding focuses not simply on the bride-to-be but celebrates the coming together of 2 households.

Hinduism has, at its core, the Vedas, the spiritual bibles that are the heart of Indian culture. The Vedas divide life into four distinct stages, or ashrams: studentship (brahmacharya ashram), householder (grahstha ashram), retirement (vanprastha ashram), and self-realization (sanyas ashram). Marital relationship, thought about a samskara, or sacrament, is the transition from studentship to householder, and as such, it forms the foundational structure for the remaining 2 phases of life. Three-quarters of human life, then, depends upon the success of the marriage.

Comprehending the Traditions of Indian Weddings

A Hindu wedding event is steeped in tradition, and the routines are necessary to the culture of the couple and the couple’s household. Because of this, discovering a bit about what to anticipate at a Hindu wedding ceremony can be essential if you are new to all of it. Let’s check out the basics, followed by more details about what to get out of the different events.

For how long is a Traditional Indian wedding?

A Hindu wedding traditionally occurs over 3 days, though some couples may pick to condense occasions to make it simpler. The very first event, the ganesh pooja, is an intimate family gathering that begins the celebrations. Next is the sangeet, which is generally attended by the majority of guests and generally occurs on the second day, as does the mehndi event. The main Hindu wedding ceremony and reception occur on the third day.

Who is associated with a Hindu wedding?

You can expect the entire of both households to be highly involved in every aspect of Hindu wedding event customs. A Hindu wedding ceremony is meant to join not only the couple however the two households also. It’s as much a celebration of two households coming together as it is an event of the spiritual love and commitment between the couple.

What happens at a Hindu wedding?

A Hindu wedding involves many customs and traditions full of deep meaning. The ceremony begins with smaller sized, more intimate festivities like the mendhi event, during which the bride’s hands and feet are painted in sophisticated or henna styles covering her prior to the complete wedding start. The Hindu wedding event occurs inside a canopy called a mandap, and a fire is kindled in the centre as a witness to the sacrament. There are numerous The following Hindu wedding ceremonies are suggested to honour the couple’s love and ensure the success of their marriage by invoking the true blessings of numerous divine beings and joining the families in event. Here’s what to expect.

Roka Event

This ceremony is thought about the initial step towards the marriage. The Roka brings both families together to commemorate and bless the couple by revealing that they accept the upcoming marriage and the uniting of their two families. The families hang around together and exchange gifts and sweets to express their approval for the marriage.

Haldi Ceremony

The Haldi event also called the pithi event, is carried out on the morning of the main event. The wedding couple, each in their own houses, are painted with a paste of rich yellow haldi. The color yellow represents beauty, fertility and pureness, and it likewise wards off evil, consequently preparing the couple for life together and true blessing them with best of luck. After the Haldi ceremony, each member of the wedding couple stays home to prepare for the wedding (so they don’t see each other before the wedding!).

Haldi Ceremony at Indian Wedding

Indian Couple participating in Haldi Ceremony

Ganesh Poojan

Some Hindu ceremonies start with an invocation to Lord Ganesh, or Ganesha, the Hindu god of wisdom and salvation. Ganesha is depicted as having an elephant’s head. By invoking him, he removes any challenges from the wedding. The event might then be performed without barriers. The Ganesh Poojan is carried out anywhere from a couple of days to the night before the wedding event.

Arrival of the Vara Yatra

As the groom and his party, together called the vara yatra, get to the ceremony site amidst much singing and dancing, the bride-to-be’s moms and dads, family and friends welcome them with akshat (a type of rice), tilak (a dot on the forehead), arati (a plate bring a lighted lamp), and a garland.


Prior to the wedding event starts, the 9 planets are conjured up by name in an event called Graha Shanti (peace with the worlds). Blessings are received from each world for the new couple’s life together.


The bride is typically resulted in the mandap by a bro or uncle, where the groom waits with the bride-to-be’s moms and dads. The bride-to-be’s moms and dads offer their child in marital relationship in a pious and solemn ritual called kanyadan. They wash the feet of the couple with milk and water, cleansing them for their brand-new life together. The groom and bride hold their hands open, and the dad of the bride holds his open palm over their hands. The mother of the bride-to-be then puts water over her husband’s hand, which subsequently falls on the hands of the couple.


This ceremony centers on the signing up with of the couple’s hands. The bride’s right hand is placed on the right hand of the groom. Their hands are then looped with a cotton thread wound a number of times, while the priest recites holy verses. Although a single thread can be quickly broken, a thread wound many times develops a solid bond; thus, the thread functions as a metaphor for the brand-new marital relationship, bringing the couple together in an unbreakable bond.

Exchanging Garlands

After the prayer to Ganesha, the wedding event couple exchanges floral garlands. These garlands are implied to welcome each other into each other’s households, and they likewise function as a sign of the desire to be wed to one another and the connection their families now share.

The Wedding

The couple are next seated in front of a holy fire, or Agni, as a priest recites numerous mantras from the Holy Scriptures. In Hinduism, fire is regarded as a cleanser and a sustainer of life. In a ritual called Mangifera, the groom and bride walk around the fire 4 times (each a sign of the 4 ashrams of life), hoping and exchanging promises of responsibility, love, fidelity, and regard. The priest directs family members to make offerings into the fire. At the end of the ceremony, in a ritual called saptapadi, the bride and groom take 7 vows, sealing the marriage forever. These swears are traditionally spoken in Sanskrit, and are one of the most ancient elements of the Hindu event. The pledges confirm the marital relationship; no ceremony is total without them.


At the conclusion of the ceremony, the priest directs the newlyweds’ eyes to the pole star, which stays unfaltering in the sky, as the stars around it move across the sky. So shall their new marital relationship be steadfast, though others may alter around them.


When the event is completed, red-orange powder called sindoor is applied to the part of the recently married bride-to-be’s hair to show that she is married.
There are additional ceremonies, such as bidhai and vadhupravesh, that center on leaving the event site and welcoming the bride to the groom’s house. And specific regions and sects have their own variations on the standard Hindu ceremony. Jain, Punjabi, Marathi, Gujarati, Tamil, Kashmiri, and Bengali ceremonies will all have their own special customs making Hindu weddings so unique across regions. And other Hindu-dominated areas, such as the island of Bali in Indonesia, have their own customs as well. For a faith as ancient and rich as Hinduism, its traditions are as numerous as they are timeless.

Mangalsutra is put on the Bride by Groom

Groom puts Mangalsutra Necklace on Indian Bride near the conclusion of a Punjabi Wedding Ceremony

Pre- and Post-Wedding Rituals

Besides the above obligatory rituals, most Hindu wedding events also include a few other fringe custom-mades that are observed before and soon after the marriage ceremony.

Normal of an arranged marital relationship, when the two families agree on the marriage proposal, a betrothal ceremony referred to as roka and sagai are held, during which the young boy and the lady may exchange rings to mark their vows and sanctify the agreement.

It might be noted that on the day of the wedding, an advantageous bath or Mangal Snan is arranged, and it is popular to use turmeric and sandalwood paste on the body and face of the bride-to-be and the groom. Most girls likewise like to wear Mehendi or Henna tattoos on their hands and feet.

In a light and casual setting, the tradition of singing or Sangeet, primarily by the females of the family, is performed. In specific communities, the maternal uncle or maternal grandpa provides the lady with a set of bangles as a sign of their blessings. It is likewise customary that the Groom presents his Bride with the Mangalsutra at the end of the Ceremony.

The wedding ceremony successfully concludes with the ritual of Doli, symbolic of the joy of the bride-to-be’s family in sending off their girl with her life partner to begin a brand-new household and live a delighted married life. Doli originates from the word palanquin, which mentions the carriage that was used in olden times as a mode of transportation for the gentry.

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